Monday, May 8, 2017

Steam and Saloons

David Brown, the sixth child and fourth son, of John Brown and Ellen Burns Brown, was born January 2, 1866 in Columbus and was baptized on January 10th at St. Patrick’s.  He was just seven
Wedding present to
Mary Ellen Shipley Brown
years old when his father died in the train accident and twelve at the death of his mother in 1878.  The 1880 US Census shows David living with Peter and Martha Burns on the quarry property on Dublin Rd. in Columbus.  (Remember, Martha was a sister of David’s mother, Ellen.)  Nothing more is known of David’s early life; but, as is stated in the David Brown letter1, probably all of the children, “worked when they could and when the weather was such that the younger ones could not work in it [the quarry], they then went to school.” 

The first confirmed record found for David outside of Ohio is his Homestead application in Alliance, Nebraska begun March 26, 18892.  However, David was likely in the area prior to this time.  He appears to be a witness at the marriage of his cousin, James E.
Is this David Brown?
(see footnotes)
Brown, fourth son of Patrick Brown, to Jennie Phillips in August 18883.  It is possible that when David left Columbus, he first stopped at the home of his Uncle Patrick in Custer County, Nebraska; and, that James and David traveled to Box Butte County together.  Railroads were opening the area during this time; and, the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy line actually reached Alliance in early 1888.  This was the same line that went through Custer County making it an easy trip.

Application for Extension
(click to enlarge)
The actual homesteading for David may not have gone exactly as planned.  David filed for an extension4 on the claim due to an “extreme drought during the summer and fall of 1890.”  Even before the drought, David worked for wages “by the month or day” to support himself.  Because of the drought, employment was not available in the area and he was “compelled to go east for the purpose of procuring work.”   The
Testimony of Claimant
(click to enlarge)
extension was granted for November 1890 to November 1891; however, the Testimony of Claimant5 document, as part of the final proof of his homestead states that although he “. . . secured a leave of absence to expire Nov 1, 1891, but [he] never took advantage of it.” He did state that he would be gone a few weeks at a time to earn a living.  David’s homestead was finalized on September 16, 1896.  (Refer to the previous post on Homesteading for information about homesteading and obtaining homestead records.)
   
A story has been handed down to David’s descendants that he was a locomotive engineer for the Burlington railroad.  At some point, he was “disciplined” by the railroad and his friends staged a strike to get back his job.  He was a proud man and when his job was reinstated, he told them, “ . . . he wouldn’t take the job back if it was life or death.”

 A railroad engineer was a coveted position and only given to the best men who had, usually, taken many years to work their way up from lower positions.  During the first half of 1888, the engineers and firemen for the Burlington line staged a strike shutting down operations for a time from Chicago to all points west.  Scrambling to keep the rail lines open, many less experienced men were hired.  The strike, deemed to be over in most areas, lingered in the Nebraska area6.  If, as according to the David’s testimony in finalizing his claim, he did not leave the area, the strike could have been an opportunity for David, and many others to obtain well paying jobs.  By at least 1898, David was an engineer for the Burlington line.  Several references are made to “engineer D. Brown” in the local newspaper, The Alliance Times.  Other friends and neighbors of David were also mentioned, many engineers, and, from time to time, they “laid off” the railroad for a few weeks or months to attend to their farms and ranches7

David and Mary Ellen Shipley8 were married on June 12, 1895.  Witnesses to the marriage were Hannah Brown, youngest
Marriage Record of David & Mary Ellen
(Click to enlarge)
daughter of his Uncle Patrick, and Joseph Lynch, Hannah’s future husband.  Mary Ellen, born August 13, 1876, was the daughter of Robert and Rhoda Edwards Shipley.  The Shipley family also homesteaded in Box Butte County in a neighboring township9.  The family had previously farmed in Illinois where their seven children were born.  Robert and Rhoda were originally from Kentucky.  (See marriage license left.)  David and Mary Ellen had two children, David Earl and Francis Merle, while living in Nebraska.  This David Earl Brown is the writer of the letter that has been referred to frequently in this blog.  The Brown family probably lived in the town of Alliance, a town of 2,500 in 1900.  It was not unusual for a family to have a house in town and still maintain their farm or ranch, especially after their homestead was finalized10.

The June 23, 1899 edition of The Alliance Times ran the following notice under the Shop, Wheel and Rail column.  “All train and engine men and such other employees as are concerned in the handling of trains will be examined in hearing and sight between this and the first of September.”  Was David adversely affected by the “physical,” and could this have been the cause of the threatened strike by David’s friends?   The September 22, 1899 edition of the same paper, in the same column, stated, “Engineer D. Brown has left the service of the company;” and, still later, on September 29, 1899, the paper said, “Ex-Engineer D. Brown will leave tomorrow night accompanied by Mrs. Brown and the children, for Columbus, O., where he may decide to locate.”

David, his wife, and two sons are shown in the 1900 US Census for Columbus, Franklin County, Ohio.  It must have been very difficult for Mary Ellen to move to Columbus.  She left her family and friends behind in Nebraska and knew no one in Columbus except
David Earl Brown,
Oldest son of David Brown 
her husband.  Even David’s brothers and sisters would have been strangers.  Mary Ellen had always lived in a rural area, and Columbus with a population of over 125,000 in 1900, must have been very different for her.  David’s occupation is given as a “saloon keeper.”  The 1910 US Census shows his occupation as “retail dealer of liquors.”  The 1900 Columbus City Directory shows David in business with John Murnane11 as “Brown & Murnane.”  From 1901 to 1915, he is shown in the saloon business with his brother, James, as the “Brown Bros” at various locations on West Broad Street in Columbus12.

James is the fourth child and second son of John and Ellen Brown.  He was born in Franklin County on February 22, 1862 and baptized at St. Patrick’s on March 12, 1862.  He, too, was living with Peter and Martha Burns in the 1880 census.  On January 4, 1883, James married Hettie Fleming13, the daughter of John and Martha Fleming, neighbors in Franklin Township in Franklin County, Ohio.  James, unlike some of his brothers, never left the Columbus area.  Before he joined David in the saloon business, James and Hettie were living on North Central Avenue and James was a fireman.

In August 1902, James purchased a lot at 2510 West Broad Street, where the saloon was located for one year, 1904.  In 1911, a one-
Baist map of Columbus, 1899-see footnotes
Saloon in red circle in upper right
David's home in blue circle in lower left
Mt. Carmel hospital is located on State St between
David and Souder. just out of the image.
(click to enlarge)
half interest in this property was transferred to David Brown.  During 1907 the Brown Bros. saloon was moved to 741 West Broad Street; and, in June 1911 David and James purchased the property14.  It was a one story frame building with a basement and a backyard and was located at the southwest corner of West Broad Street and Green Street, sometimes called Doyle Alley, across from The Good Shepherd School and Convent15.  There had been a saloon at this address since before 1897.   (See the map left from the 1899 Baist Real Estate Atlas. The saloon is shown in the red circle.)

David died from pneumonia on July 14, 191416 leaving his wife and sons, ages 15 and 16.   No will was recorded.  Initial papers were filed with the Franklin County Probate Court to establish an estate record.  The estate was in probate for nearly six years and was not finalized until the real estate was transferred to the widow on April 9, 1920.  Perhaps the delay was caused by a disagreement concerning the liquor license.  On September 10, 1914, the same day the initial papers were submitted, James, as the surviving partner, filed his election to take the interest of the deceased partner, David Brown.  At the same time, an inventory was
Inventory of Brown Bros.
submitted17.  (see right) The next day, September 11th, David’s widow, Mary, applied for and was granted David’s one-half interest in the liquor license held for the Brown Bros paying $100 to the administrator of the estate18.    From 1915 to 1918, the Columbus City Directory shows another saloon proprietor, Benj Biete, at 741 W Broad.  Was the liquor license sold to Mr. Biete or did he have a license in his own name?  If the license was transferred, who did the transfer, or was it done jointly?   The questions could be answered by reviewing the liquor licenses. However, the records are not available19, so it is uncertain what happened to the license.  It could be that actually nothing happened because the Prohibition era began in Ohio in May 1919, nearly six months before the 18th Amendment was passed by Congress20.    

Both properties held by David and James Brown were sold during 1920; the property at 741 W. Broad on October 1, 1920, and the property at 2510 W. Broad on April 10, 1920 which had a $4,500 mortgage at the time. Both properties sold for $1.00 and “other valuable considerations.”  Whether it is of significance or not, James sold his personal residence at 47 S. Warren on March 4, 1920.21

The saloon was located in an area called “The Bottoms,” on lower ground and surrounded on three sides by the Scioto River.  On March 24, 1913, a major storm hit much of the eastern Midwest, including Columbus, causing flooding, destruction, and death over widespread areas.  Columbus received over five inches of rain in a
Map of flood area showing breaks in levees and flow of
flood waters.  Red "X" is location of Brown Bros.
(click to enlarge)
24 hour period.  The local rain plus runoff from areas north of town caused the Scioto to first overflow then breech the levees protecting the low-lying areas of Franklinton, including the bottoms22. (See map of flooded section left.)The saloon was located just a block west of Sandusky and a block east
West Broad St. at Davis looking toward Mt. Carmel Hospital
Mt. Carmel is the taller building in the upper right
of Davis.  (See photo of flood damage at Davis and Broad.)  There is not any visual or written record of the damage done to the saloon, but, it would have had water in the building at the least and, perhaps, structural damage which may have been a contributing factor in the mortgage on one of the properties and
Martin Ave. after the flood
the low level of spirits in the inventory at the time of David’s death.   David’s house, at 90 Martin Ave., was also in the flood area and may have sustained damage as well.  (See image of Martin Ave. after the flood.)  James’ residence was located further west on higher ground and was out of the flood area.

Without an income after David’s death, Mary Ellen rented rooms in her home to nurses from Mt. Carmel Hospital located just a couple of blocks away.  She also helped raise her three small grandsons, David Earl’s children, after their mother, Helen Neubeck, passed away at age 30 in 1928.  And, as a resourceful woman, she ran a numbers racket out of her kitchen based on the last three digits of the volume of trading on the stock market23.   She must have been quite a gal.  Mary Ellen passed away July 27, 1946.  Mary Ellen and David are buried in Mt. Calvary Cemetery in Columbus, Ohio.

James’ occupation, after the Brown Bros. saloon was closed, was shown as a fireman or a watchman in the Columbus City Directories.  James died of chronic nephritis on October 3, 183825.  His wife, Hettie Fleming, had predeceased him on December 12, 1927.  They are buried in St. Joseph Cemetery in Lockbourne, Ohio.  James and Hettie had five children, John, Arthur, Agnes, Lee, Walter, and Hettie.

Special thanks to Marion for her help with this post.

In the next blog, we will look at other children of John and Ellen Burns Brown.



IMAGE - The teapot and creamer shown in the first image was given to Mary Ellen Shipley Brown at her marriage to David Brown on June 12, 1895 in Alliance Nebraska.  Items are in possession of a descendent.

1.       Brown, David, Kewanee, IL, 11 May 1943, Letter to Esther _____, Columbus, Ohio, page 6.

2.       The Original Entry application in Section 30, Township 25N, Range 50W of the 6th prime meridian was completed on September 16, 1896 and is available online at Fold3.  https://www.fold3.com/browse/253/hDe05rrWTdbrYn98kidrkHA1wjd1kEpp-92nu6pjJZQsE3xhImKuTQXL1    There are likely two other claims made by David.  These are not available online to compare signatures.  One is a cash sale in Section 24, Township 25N, Range 51W in April 1891 adjoining the above property.  The other is a Timber Claim completed September 7, 1899 in Section 20, Township 25N, Range 50W.  It is not known how long these properties were held.

3.       Box Butte County Clerk of the District Court, Alliance, NE, Nebraska, Box Butte County Marriages, 1887-2005, volume A, page 51, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSD7-L34P-N?mode=g&i=50&wc=Q6QM-3QQ%3A1590063401%2C1590063408&cc=2549789 The witnesses at this marriage are David Brown and John Phillips.  Remember, James had a brother named David, but, by this time he was going by the name of D.O. and had settled in Custer County.  The likely witness then is David Brown, the son of John and Ellen Burns Brown, the subject of this post.  We looked at James earlier in the post for . . . and he leaves a large family to mourn his death.  At that time it was determined that James had married Jenny Barney about 1894, and, was living in northeast Nebraska in 1900.  Also, remember that James was living in Adrian, Minnesota in 1891 at the time of his father’s, death.  It is assumed that this was a first marriage for James and that he left the area after the presumed death of his first wife.     

IMAGE - Is this a photo of David Brown?  It was found in a box of photos from Margaret Shrum, a granddaughter of John and Ellen Burns Brown.  The back of the photo gives the name of the Photographer, F.J. Buckmyer, and his address, 69 S. High St., Columbus, Ohio.  City Directories for Columbus show the photographer at this address from 1881 to 1887.  David would have been age 15 to 20 during this time frame.  Based on the physical appearance of the subject, I believe this to be “a Brown” of about 20 years of age.  The backdrop is a “western scene.”  Could this be a clue that he was heading west?

4.       Op. cit., Original Entry application, Application for Extension. When the extension was filed, David had built a 16 x 18 house, a cave that was 12 x 12 and had broken twelve acres of ground.  He had only a pony with which to do the work.   

5.       Op. cit., Original Entry application, Homestead Proof – Testimony of Claimant.  Part of the final process of a homestead claim was for the claimant, and two people who could vouch for him, to complete a questionnaire about improvements made to the property and his tenure on the land.

6.       Salmons, C. H., The Burlington Strike: its motives and methods including The Causes of the Strike, Press of Bunnell and Ward, Aurora, IL, 1889.

7.       Nebraska State Historical Society, The Alliance Times, Alliance, NE.  The Alliance Times is available through interlibrary loan on a limited basis.  I reviewed two reels of microfilm (071-Al5t, 006 and 007) for the period of May 13, 1898 to April 5, 1891.  The newspaper gives a lot of detail about the lives of the people in the area.  One regular column in the paper, “Shop, Wheel, and Rail,” specifically lists men, and their families, associated with the railroad. Perhaps additional information about David, when he started for the railroad, his assignments, and more could be located in earlier editions.   Thanks to the Wilmington Public Library in Wilmington, Ohio who managed to obtain the microfilm of the newspaper.

8.       Box Butte County Clerk of the District Court, Alliance, NE, Nebraska, Box Butte County Marriages, 1887-2005, volume A, page 431, https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-CSD7-L34G-9?mode=g&i=430&wc=Q6QM-3QQ%3A1590063401%2C1590063408&cc=2549789

9.       Bureau of Land Records, Land Patents, Nebraska.  Records are available online at: https://glorecords.blm.gov/search/default.aspx?searchTabIndex=0&searchByTypeIndex=0; Images from the Alliance Land Office are available from Fold3 at: https://www.fold3.com/browse/253/hDe05rrWTdbrYn98kidrkHA1w  Robert Shipley homesteaded in section 25 in township 026N, range 051W.  Robert Shipley’s sons, William T. and Archie L., homesteaded in section 26 in township 026N, range 051W.   Robert’s son-in-law, John Keeffe originally homesteaded in section 1, township 025N, range 050W.

10.   A review of many homestead applications and local news articles for friends and neighbors of the Brown’s find several notations that homesteads were maintained while the wife and children lived in town citing the harsh environment for women and children.  

11.   Remember from the post on John and Peter that Julia, the daughter of Peter Burns, was married to John Murnane.  Is this the same man?

12.   Ancestry.com. U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995 [database on-line], Columbus City Directory, 1884 to 1946.

13.   “Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-2012,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:XZBG-R2P : 8 December 2014), James and Hattie Fleming. 04 Jan 1883; citing Franklin, Ohio, United States, reference 17; county courthouses, Ohio; FHL microfilm 285,149.

14.   Franklin County Recorder’s Office, Public Records Search, online database of property sales in Franklin County, Ohio.  https://countyfusion5.propertyinfo.com/countyweb/main.jsp?countyname=Franklin .  Records of purchases and sales: 2510 W Broad St (lot 6 in the Terrace Addition) purchase by James Brown, v. 360 p. 183 Aug 15, 1902; transfer ½ interest in 2510 W Broad St to David Brown, v. 483 p.607 Jun 11, 1911; 741 W Broad St (lot 1 in Samuel Doyle’s Western Addition) purchased by David and James Brown, v. 513 p. 438 Jun 6, 1911.  The description of the property where the saloon was located was derived from the Sanborn Fire Insurance map located at the Columbus Metropolitan Library and the purchase deed.  “This deed is made subject to a certain lease made by grantor August 3, 1910 for a term of three years (3) from September 1, 1910, to August [Uihleen sp??] on that portion of the premises herein conveyed known as no. 741 W. Broad St. being storeroom basement and backyard of same.”

 
 




15.   The Good Shepherd School, Columbus.  https://www.colsdioc.org/Portals/0/Departments/CRS/GoodShepherdText.pdf  Good Shepherd School was a house of refuge for troubled females of all ages.  It was located on the Sullivant estate on West Broad Street and Sandusky and consisted of several buildings including, a church, school, convent and several other buildings.  The grounds were extensive and covered several acres.   

IMAGE – Section of Plate 9 of the 1899 Real Estate Atlas for Columbus, Ohio, G. Wm Baist - Map used with permission of The Columbus Metropolitan Library Image Collections.

16.   Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3357-9PK3-3D8H?cc=1307272&wc=MD9X-T2S%2C294553504 : 21 May 2014), 1914>image 1579 of 3301.

17.   Franklin County, Ohio probate case files, estate no. 29919, David Brown (1914), Inventory dated September 10, 1914.  Inventory consists of furniture and fixtures and one-half barrel spirits.  Was there other inventory that was moved prior to probate; or, was the inventory small because of the 1913 flood?

18.   Ibid., David Brown (1914), “Entry” dated September 11, 1914, “. . . administrator is ordered to transfer and assign the interest of said David Brown in said Liquor License, to said applicant [Mary E. Brown],; and it is therefore ordered and directed that upon the payment by said Mary E. Brown to said administrator, for the use and benefit of the estate of said David Brown, of the sum of $100.00, said administrator is hereby directed to assign and transfer to said Mary E. Brown, all the right, title and interest of the estate of said David Brown, deceased, in and to said Liquor License.” 

19.   The licensing division of the Franklin County Liquor Control holds records for licenses and transfers.  They do not have records before Prohibition, nor, are early records held at local repositories in Franklin County.

20.   Ohio Memory, The Prohibition Era Begins . . ., http://www.ohiohistoryhost.org/ohiomemory/archives/641

21.   Op. cit., Franklin County Recorder’s Office, Public Records Search, sale of 741 W. Broad recorded in volume 691, page 246; sale of 2510 W. Broad recorded in volume 672, page 580; sale of 47 S. Warren recorded in volume 678, page 286.

22.   Section of map from the Ohio State Board of Health of March 1913 showing areas of Columbus, Ohio affected by the flood.  For more information on the flood in Columbus, see http://nationalcalamityeaster1913flood.blogspot.com/2014/04/wireless-to-rescue-birth-of-emergency.html  and http://www.thisweeknews.com/content/stories/2013/03/26/as-it-were.html 

IMAGES of 1913 flood used with the permission of The Columbus Metropolitan Library Image Collections

23.   This information from descendents of David and Mary Ellen Brown.

24.   Ohio Deaths, 1908-1953,” database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3357-9PK3-3D8H?cc=1307272&wc=MD9X-T2S%2C294553504 : 21 May 2014), 1914>image 1579 of 3301.


Monday, April 17, 2017

Putting it graphically . . .

While waiting for additional research materials to arrive, I thought it would be a good opportunity to review some family relationships and, perhaps, catch-up on a few other items.  I know I was getting confused working with the children of Patrick and John Brown.  So many of the children carry the same name; and, I thought a partial pedigree chart would help clarify the relationships.  A chart of the original emigrants was shown in an earlier post titled Chicago. (See previous post on Chicago.) 

The chart below shows Patrick and John Brown, their families, and where they fit within the larger Browne and Burns families.  John and Patrick married sisters, Anne and Ellen Burns making their children “double cousins.”   Anne and Ellen had another sister, Martha who married Peter Burns.  Peter and Martha figured prominently in the family of John and Ellen.  We looked at Peter and Martha in previous posts (Brown-Burns Connections, John and Peter, and John and Ellen) and will look at them again in a future post.

What is comforting to me is that, despite the geographic distance of these families, to say nothing of the difficulties of communicating in the mid to late 1800s, they remained close.  We saw in the “John and Ellen” post that John’s brother Patrick came to Columbus from Illinois less than two weeks after Ellen died.  He did take one of the younger children, William Henry, back to Illinois with him.  We also saw that William Henry lived, for awhile, in Adrian, Nobles, Minnesota near Patrick’s children Mary Ann Brown Cox, Sarah Jane Brown Taylor, and Hannah Brown Lynch.  (see previous post for SOLD . . . to the highest bidder . . . and ". . . and he leaves a large family to mourn his death")  We will see more interaction between the families in future posts.

The Nebraska searched turned up a marriage record in Alliance for John B. Brown, second son of Patrick and Anne Burns Brown.  The information was documented in the Comment section of the post for “he leaves a large family to mourn his death.”  At least two sisters and a cousin, (one of John’s children) were also living in Alliance at the time.    With permission of descendents of Patrick, I have also added a couple of photos to the same post.  Compare those photos with that of William Henry Brown from the last post and future posts for John’s children.  These children display similar physical characteristics.  Do the photos give us a clue to what Patrick and Anne and John and Ellen looked like? 

In the next post, we will learn more about the children of John and Ellen Burns Brown.



Families of Patrick and John Brown
showing name, spouse and date of marriage, and known locations of residence
(click to enlarge)

Sunday, March 26, 2017

SOLD . . . to the highest bidder . . .

William and Margaret Hendricks Brown
The last blog posting stated that William Henry Brown, the youngest son of John and Ellen Brown at the time of John’s death1, was living with his Uncle Patrick in McLean County, Illinois by November 1879.  (William Henry had likely traveled to Illinois earlier with Patrick when he returned home after Ellen’s death in April 1878.)  Although he was still a minor, he was the first of the children to leave the Columbus, Ohio area.  (See previous post for John and Ellen)  In this post, we will take a closer look at William Henry’s life.  The following information was submitted by Don, a descendant of William Henry Brown.  

William Henry Brown, son of John Brown and Ellen Burns, was born in 1868 in Columbus, Franklin, Ohio, USA.  There is some controversy about the date of his birth.  A letter from Bernard
Fairview Cemetery, Stanley, ND
Charles Brown, a grandson to Jack and June Brown, another grandson, from several years ago, states William Henry was born on April 2, 1864.  William’s grave marker and his obituary show 1864 as his year of birth.  (See image of tombstone)

Page four of the Brown letter of 19432, shows a “?” for his Baptism date.  Also a brother, Thomas, is listed in the same letter as being baptized on April 19, 1864 Baptism.  (See previous post for John and Peter.)  It would be impossible to have two children born on different days in April 1864.  There is no evidence of a Baptism Certificate for William Henry.  Perhaps it was lost, not registered, or just not done.

His father, John Brown, was killed in 1873 after being run over by a train he was hitching a ride on.  His mother, Ellen, died from breast cancer five years later in 1878 leaving him and his siblings orphans.  Patrick Brown, a brother of John Brown, took William Henry in after Ellen’s death.  Patrick who lived in McLean, Illinois had ten children of his own.  He also was raising two other nephews, James and David Roach, who were children of his sister Johanna.  The other siblings of William were taken in by other family members.

In the 1870 Federal Census in Ohio, William Henry was listed as two years old; and, the 1880 Federal Census in Illinois shows him as eleven years old making his year of birth 1868.  In all other Federal census records, his age is consistent with the 1870 and 1880 census. 

He may have gone to Nebraska with Patrick in the late 1880’s but there are no records of that.  It is more likely that he moved to Nobles County, Minnesota about 1888, the same time as Mary Ann Brown and James Cox, a daughter of Patrick Brown and her husband3.   (See information about Mary Ann and James Cox in the previous post, " . . . and he leaves a large family to mourn his death.")  William Henry is listed in the 1905 Minnesota State Census in Adrian, Nobles, Minnesota4.  The record shows that he had been a resident of the area for seventeen years which would put his entry into Minnesota about 1888, the same time as the Cox family.   
1905 MN state census cropped to show data on two pages.  Note highlighted sections
(click to enlarge)
While in Nobles County, he met and married Margaret Elizabeth Hendricks on January 11, 1893.  She was the daughter of James Hendricks and Margaret Brobender.  Margaret Elizabeth was born on February 22, 1869 in Terre Haute, Vigo, Indiana.  Eight of their ten children were born in Adrian, Nobles, Minnesota:  John Edward “Ed”, Mary Agnes Henrietta “Ag”, Claude William, Margaret Ellen “Nellie”, Martha, James Francis “Jimmy”, Cecilia Emily, and Ann Irene.

William Henry and his growing family, four children by this time, are listed in the 1900 US Census in Olney Township, Nobles County, Minnesota where he was renting a farm5.  Based on neighbors shown on the census record, the farm was likely located just southeast of the town of Adrian, also in Olney Township.   The 1905 Minnesota State Census shows him living on Second Ave, in the town of Adrian.  (See above.)  His occupation is given as “auctioneer,” a vocation he followed the rest of his life.  The 1910 US Census shows William Henry, again a farmer, in Mountrail County, North Dakota6This location is in the very northwest corner of the state.  What prompted him to move to a seemingly out of the way place?

William Henry was raised by his Uncle Patrick, who himself and his family, seemed to travel great distances to find better opportunities.  Perhaps it was this environment that encouraged William Henry to seek alternative locations.  Events in Minnesota may have also affected his decision to move to North Dakota.  As we saw earlier, William Henry was listed as a farmer in the 1900 US Census.  In July, 1903, a devastating hail storm hit the area where his farm was located.  A long wet season followed the storm with about six inches of rain in six hours falling on September 11th alone, completely wiping out the crops for that year.  Several wet years in succession ruined many farmers7.  Perhaps this affected his decision to re-locate to North Dakota where he remained the rest of his life.

1914 Land patent sections 29 and 32
Algers Township, Mountrail County, ND
(click to enlarge)
Land was available for homesteading when William Henry moved to North Dakota, and, he took advantage of this.  (Another reason that drew him to the state?)  Bureau of Land Management records show that he had two plots of land in sections 29 and 32 of Alger Township, Mountrail, North Dakota, just southwest of Stanley, the county seat for Mountrail County.  The first was forty acres purchased in 1910 as a “cash entry.”  The other property was an “original entry” homestead finalized in 1914 consisting of 160 acres8

William Henry appears to have been one of the leaders of the Mountrail area.  The site chosen for the new county courthouse in Mountrail County was a topic for much discussion in 1913.  William Henry attended a “mass meeting” to consider its location.  He was mentioned in an article in The Stanley Sun in September 1913 under the heading “MASS MEETING ON COURT HOUSE SITE9.”  He certainly gave his opinion on the issue.  Included in the article was the following.  “ . . . The meeting was address by several of the Stanley people and W. H. Brown, who lives south of Ross, and who is the leading auctioneer of the county, spoke on the subject.  He stated that he had possibly talked to more farmers in the county than any other man in the county, as that was his business, and that he believed that 95 percent of the farmers were in favor of the half block donated by the city three years ago . . ."  William Henry was elected to the board of directors of the newly formed North Dakota Auctioneers Association in February 1920.  The same month, he was also named director from Mountrail County for the Mouse River Loop Pure Bred Livestock Association, another newly formed group.  In February 1922, he was named a director to the Northwestern North Dakota Potato Growers’ Association.  In March 1919, William Henry entered a “short-horn” Bull in the prestigious Ward County Breeders sale10; and, he was listed as the auctioneer for several livestock auctions held in the area.

By 1920, William Henry was living in Stanley City, Mountrail, North Dakota and again listed his occupation in the census of that year11 as an auctioneer.  The two youngest children of William and
The Ward County Independent, May 26, 1921
Margaret, Lucille and William Joseph “Pat”, born in Ross and Stanley, were included in this census. During late May, 1921, the house they were living in was struck by lightning, but, no one was injured.  (See newsclipping right.)

 While William Henry continued to maintain his residence in Stanley throughout the rest of his life, he also maintained the homestead, and, according to another grandson, always had livestock on the property, cattle and horses, which the family bought and sold as part of their auction and cattle business.  His oldest son, John Edward “Ed’, was also an auctioneer.  His youngest son, William Joseph “Pat”, was a cattle buyer, buying and selling as a family business.  Pat was named “Cattle Buyer of the Year” for a number of years.  
Advertisement appearing in the Ward County Independent on October 2, 1919
Obituary for William
Henry Brown, 1947
(click to enlarge)
Obituary for Margaret
Hendricks Brown, 1935
(click to enlarge)
William Henry was active in the business until a few months before his death from colon cancer.  He died July 6, 1947 in a hospital in Fargo, North Dakota.  He is buried in Fairview Cemetery in Stanley, ND.  Margaret, his wife, preceded him in death September 26, 1935. See the attached obituaries from The Stanley Sun.


In the next post, we will continue looking at the children of John and Ellen Burns Brown.


1.       From the last post, we learned that Ellen was pregnant with their last child at the time of John’s tragic death.  Peter Brown was born posthumously on October 14, 1873.  He was baptized December 6, 1873 at St. Patrick’s Church in Columbus, Ohio.  Catholic Record Society, Baptismal Register, St. Patrick’s Catholic Church, Columbus, Ohio

2.       Brown, David, Kewanee, IL, 11 May 1943, Letter to Esther _______, Columbus, OH.  Records from the Catholic Record Society also confirm Thomas’ baptismal date as May 7, 1864.

3.       The Petition for Letters of Administration in the estate file for Patrick Brown identifies three children living in Adrian, Minnesota at the time of his death in 1891; Mary Ann Cox, age 34, James E. Brown, age 25, and Hannah K. Brown, age 21.  Since the original research on Patrick’s children was done, I have discovered a marriage record for James E. Brown in Box Butte County, Nebraska to Jennie Phillips.  Witnesses were David Brown (a brother of James or perhaps a cousin, a son of John Brown and Ellen Burns) and John Phillips.  The record is dated August 26, 1888 and definitely shows his parents as Patrick Brown and Ann Burns.  Alliance in Box Butte County, Nebraska was identified in the same Petition for Letters of Administration as the residence of Emily Julia Brown Betebenner, another daughter of Patrick Brown.  The original research showed that James E. Brown married Jennie Barney about 1893.  Perhaps this was an earlier marriage for James E. Brown and James had moved back to Minnesota by 1891, the time of his father’s death.  Additional research is needed to follow up on this new information. 

4.       Minnesota State Census, 1905, database with images, William H Brown, Adrian, Nobles, Minnesota; citing p. 169, line 39, State Library and Records Service, St. Paul; FHL microfilm 9328,798.  https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:SP3V-7FS : 15 November 2014. 

5.       United States Census, 1900, database with images, , William Brown, Olney & Westside Townships Adrian village, Nobles, Minnesota, United States; (ED) 221, sheet 5A, family 71, NARA microbilm publication T623 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1972): FHL microfilm 1,240,778. FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:M93Q-L MR)

6.       United States Census, 1910, database with images, William H Brown, Alger, Mountrail, North Dakota, Unites States; ED 106, sheet 12B, family 291, NARA microfilm publication Y624 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1982) roll 1143; FHL microfilm 1,375,156. FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MLGF-188)

7.       Rose, Arthur P, An Illustrated History of Nobles County, Minnesota, Northern History Publishing Company, Worthington, Minnesota, 1908, p. 120

8.       Bureau of Land Management, “Land Patent Search,” digital images, General Land Office Records (http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/PatentSearch : accessed 23 March 2017), William H. Brown (Mountrail County, North Dakota), homestead patent no. 06864 and no. 05119

9.       Mountrail County Historical Society, Tales of Mighty Mountrail , A History of Mountrail County, North Dakota, Taylor Publishing Company, Dallas, Texas, 1979, p. 14.  The rest of the quote is as follows, “. . . He also stated that the farmers were under the impression that the matter had long ago been settled and that they were satisfied.  He further stated that he did not believe that the taxpayers wanted their money spent at this time on unnecessary grounds.  He urged the people of Stanley to get together on the question and stated that the way things were going now, was disgusting to the farmers and would work to the detriment of Stanley. . .”

10.   Information concerning his membership, and leadership, in many of the associations concerned with farming and raising livestock in the area was taken from The Ward County Independent, a newspaper located in Minot, Ward County, North Dakota, just east of Mountrail County where William Henry lived.  Online information, through the Library of Congress’ Chronicling America site, is only available until 1922. I’m sure that a review of The Stanley Sun (sadly not available online) in Stanley, Mountrail County, and The Ward County Independent through 1947, the year of William’s death, would reveal additional information about his social and business dealings in the community. 


11.   United States Census, 1920, database with images, William H Brown, Stanley, Mountrail, North Dakota, United States; ED 163, sheet 1B, line 64, family 15, NARA microfilm publication Y625 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1992), roll 1337; FHL microfilm 1,821,337. FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:MC82-8DJ)